Evolutionary maintenance of mutualisms

  • Legumes & rhizobia
  • Fig trees & fig wasps

Organismal responses to environmental change

  • Microbial phylogeography and dispersal
  • Microbial symbiont responses to invasive hosts
  • Annual lupines across California


  • Adult dormancy in terrestrial orchids
  • Seed dormancy in lupines

Antagonistic interactions

  • Granivore effects on plant density
  • Evolution of resistance to consumers
    • Fitness costs of plant resistance to pathogens
    • Fitness costs of plant resistance to insect herbivores


  • Seed coat color polymorphisms in lupines
  • QTL mapping of Arabidopsis plasticity